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Teen Recovery from Substance Abuse

More than 80% of youth who have completed a chemical dependency treatment program are unable to maintain sobriety after returning to their home, school, and old peer group. (Source: SAMSHA)

There’s nothing more gut-wrenching for a parent than to deal with their teenager’s drug addiction.  It’s like a slow death, not just for the teen, but for the entire family.  And it won’t get better without treatment and ongoing support, sometimes spanning the addict’s entire life.   That’s why it’s far better for parents to test for and catch substance abuse early, before it gets a foothold.

Sadly, more than a million teenagers are admitted every year to drug or alcohol abuse treatment programs.  These adolescents come through a 30-, 60-, or 90-day treatment program, only to find it impossible to maintain their sobriety, because their peers and influences back home haven’t changed.  Without ongoing help, they return to drinking or drugs most of the time.

Heartlight is often enlisted by the parents of teens whose substance abuse has become an endless cycle, or when the teen has been using drugs to cover up other issues in their life.  While not a chemical dependency treatment program, Heartlight is a very important “next step” after such treatment, to help solidify recovery. It helps a teen deal with the issues that led them to substance abuse in the first place, and teaches them to lead a more positive, drug-free lifestyle.  It also provides a longer buffer of time away from the teen’s peers.

But the teen eventually needs to return home.  Once there, they will face the same negative influences that got them into substance abuse in the first place.  So, if they’ve had serious addictions, they’ll need ongoing support and counsel to keep them on track and sober, sometimes lasting months or years.  Don’t ever think that a treatment program or rehab is a “cure.” It’s just a fresh start down the road to recovery.

To aid in recovery, there are a number of public school districts across the country offering programs specifically designed to provide a sober environment for teens. Commonly referred to as recovery high schools, sober high schools, or rehab high schools, they feature a high school curriculum along with recovery support services and a typical 12-Step model of recovery.

A typical sober school program provides the following support:

  1. They address the risk for relapse by enforcing a strict no-drug-use policy, and expect recovery and sobriety as a social norm for students in their program. No exceptions.  A code of discipline and accountability involves both the student and parents.
  1. Specially trained, caring personnel pursue a student’s complete success, both in academics and in life. This may include a full or part-time licensed counselor, or a relationship with an outside agency acting as a consultant, in the event of a student crisis or relapse.
  1. They provide positive academic and recreational activities, and community exposure within a protected environment.
  1. They operate at the individual, peer group, and social network level, and not just within the bounds of the school setting, to protect the teen from relapse.
  1.  They assess work readiness, job skills, and sometimes provide limited vocational training.
  1. They focus on the positive steps a teen has made in his life, and build on them, rather than focusing on a teen’s past failures, or what he’s done wrong.

Sending a teen directly home to their old environment from drug treatment sometimes results in an endless cycle of relapse-treatment-relapse.  A therapeutic program like Heartlight and ongoing counseling or a sober school program when he or she returns home can be a powerful mix to both build the teen’s desire to change and to maintain sobriety.   Your teen doesn’t have to go through “treatment” to be a part of this alternative environment. It might be a good thing to look into such a program, should your child need an environment that is working for them and not against them.  Check with your local school district to see if there is a sober school program near you.


ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Mark Gregston is an author, speaker, radio host, and the founder and director of Heartlight, a residential counseling center for struggling teens located in Longview, Texas.  He has been married to his wife, Jan, for 40 years, has two kids, and four grandkids.  He lives in Longview, Texas, with the Heartlight staff, 60 high school kids, 25 horses, his dog, Stitch, two llamas, and a prized donkey named Toy.

His past involvement as a youth pastor, Young Life area director, and living with more than 2,800 teens has prepared Mark to share his insights and wisdom about parenting pre-teens and adolescents. You can find out more about Heartlight at HeartlightMinistries.orgYou can also call Heartlight directly at (903) 668-2173.

Mark is also the host of the radio program Parenting Today’s Teen; heard on over 1,600 radio outlets nationwide. Visit ParentingTodaysTeens.org where you’ll find more parenting resources and find a station near you that carries the daily 60-second features or the 30-minute weekend program. Download the Parenting Today’s Teens App for Apple or Android, it’s a great way to listen on your schedule.


Teens and Alcohol

My head spins as I read the collection of percentages quoted and stated about teen alcohol use. 25% of kids under the age of 14 experiment with alcohol; 50% of kids will satisfy their curiosity of alcohol; 21% of kids are given alcohol by their parents; 11% of alcohol in the U.S. is consumed by underage kids; 56% of current underage drinkers (ages 12-20) reported that their last use of alcohol occurred in someone else’s home; 30% reported that it occurred in their own home.  I’ve never been that good at math, but it doesn’t take a mathematical genius to understand percentages and risk. Let me explain.

I travel every week to some destination around the country, which means that I ‘m usually on a minimum of four different airplanes a week. I have over 5,000,000 miles on American airlines; a lot of travel and too much time on a plane. And this is what I’ve concluded about my safety. If I ever thought that there was even a percentage of 1% chance that just one of those hundreds and hundreds of planes that I’ve flown on could crash, encounter danger, or have a mishap, I would either make sure I wouldn’t fly that plane, or I would be standing at the gate shouting to those I know and others I’ve never met the message, “Don’t take a chance.”

Out of all my 40 years of working with teens, I haven’t done the math to figure out the percentages, but these things I know for sure. Those kids that drink alcohol during their teen years have a greater chance to die in a car crash, fail school, take their own life, develop an alcoholic lifestyle in their later years, or become pregnant. Just knowing there’s a greater risk of unwanted consequences in the life of your child and soon to be teen, should make you think twice about your teen and alcohol.

Here’s another percentage. 74% of kids turn to their parents for help. So somewhere between the parental stances of “just saying no” and “let’s not interfere with our teen’s choices” there should be the opportunity for healthy discussions with your teen about their potential or current alcohol use.

I urge you to take this issue seriously. There is a 100% chance that your teen will be offered alcohol by their peers, probably at some time that they don’t want to be “left out.” They will likely have to make a decision about getting into a car with someone who has been drinking. This is the real world, and parents need to be preparing them to face those challenges. Believing that those scenarios will never happen to your child is about as wise as thinking your child will never make a mistake, a bad choice, or let their curiosity overcome their better judgment. I’ve always believed that it’s in the best interest of teens to not raise them to live in a zoo, but to prepare them to survive in the jungle.

And that preparation begins with open and frank discussions about alcohol. And it’s not something that you can “have the talk” and just leave alone. It will need to be a topic that needs to addressed and re-addressed throughout their teen years. Regularly ask your teen questions like “Do any of your friends drink?” “Have you felt pressured to drink?” “Is there a way that I can help you” “What do you think about alcohol?” If they respond by saying they “Tried it”, I encourage you to thank them for being honest and keep those communication lines open and one “ear to the ground” to “pick up” on any continued alcohol use.

I am a teen advocate. My career revolves around helping teens and their parents deal with serious issues, and I have seen too many broken hearts and wounded lives as a result of teen alcohol use to take it casually.  A teen’s maturity level is simply not developed enough to make good decisions regarding alcohol. The physical changes to their brains and bodies that they are undergoing mean they cannot properly assess the impact drinking is having on them. This is why they have you in their life; to protect them not only from their own curiosity and poor choices; but from the influence of a culture that has become more and more tolerant of alcohol use.

Because a teen’s culture is so accepting of alcohol, concerned parents need to lay down clear and firm boundaries in this area. Regardless of their age, your child needs to know clear, concise, and effective consequences of violating your policy on alcohol.

Giving a child the opportunity to make choices in life is a great way to help them assume responsibility for their life and give them the opportunities to exercise their decision making ability in hopes of making better decisions in the future. But the use of alcohol shouldn’t be just a “kid’s decision”. Parents must be involved in setting the boundaries, holding to consequences to stear them away from such behavior, and following through with open discussions about their choices.

When do you start these discussions? I would tell you to begin when your child enters the 6th grade. Most of the kids that I talk to about their use of alcohol tell me that they “experimented” with other friends at a sleepover or some gathering where the combined curiosities of many, coupled with a fear of not wanting to be “left out” minimized their convictions about alcohol… and that’s how it all began.

And to those parents who feel confident that letting their teens begin drinking at an early age helps demystify alcohol and encourages young people learn to drink responsibly, I would tell you that you are following a path of foolishness that is dangerous in the least, and pretty risky at best.

Here’s another statistic. 100% of teens need a “par-ent”, not a “peer-ent”.   They need you to guide and direct them through the maze of adolescence so that their development of maturity, their assumption of responsibility, and their movement toward healthy independence is not thwarted by high risk behaviors that can sidetrack their dreams, ideals, and aspirations.

Teens and alcohol don’t mix.   It’s not worth the risk.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

            Mark Gregston is an author, speaker, radio host, and the founder and director of Heartlight, a residential counseling center for struggling teens located in Longview, Texas.  He has been married to his wife, Jan, for 40 years, has two kids, and four grandkids.  He lives in Longview, Texas, with the Heartlight staff, 60 high school kids, 25 horses, his dog, Stitch, two llamas, and a prized donkey named Toy.

His past involvement as a youth pastor, Young Life area director, and living with more than 2,800 teens has prepared Mark to share his insights and wisdom about parenting pre-teens and adolescents. You can find out more about Heartlight at HeartlightMinistries.orgYou can also call Heartlight directly at (903) 668-2173.

Mark is also the host of the radio program Parenting Today’s Teen; heard on over 1,600 radio outlets nationwide. Visit ParentingTodaysTeens.org where you’ll find more parenting resources and find a station near you that carries the daily 60-second features or the 30-minute weekend program.   Here you can download the Parenting Today’s Teens App, a great way to listen on your schedule.